Although not frequently discussed, puberty gingivitis is a prevalent condition that affects many preteens and teenagers. It is vital to address this form of gingivitis promptly, as untreated cases can lead to more serious periodontal disease.
What Are The Causes of Puberty Gingivitis?
Puberty gingivitis primarily affects preadolescent boys and girls aged 11 to 13. This stage is characterized by increased independence, and as parental supervision decreases, dietary and oral hygiene habits may decline.
The development of puberty gingivitis is typically attributed to a combination of inadequate oral hygiene practices, dietary choices, and hormonal changes during puberty. The elevated hormone levels can make the gums more susceptible to the effects of plaque buildup. Additionally, poor nutrition can weaken the body's ability to combat infections, increasing the risk of gum disease in children.
If a teen smokes, vapes, or chews tobacco then they will be more likely to contract gum disease than non-smoking peers.
Being under continuous stress weakens the immune system and increases inflammation. High-stress levels, combined with poor oral health and hygiene, can cause gum disease to develop over time.
This combination of factors makes gingivitis more of a risk for young people going through puberty than it would be at other times in their lives.
The Common Symptoms of Puberty Gingivitis
Puberty gingivitis symptoms include bleeding and inflammation of the gums. The gum tissue may also become red, swollen, and less firm to the touch. Bad breath can also be a symptom.
What Are The Treatment Options For Puberty Gingivitis?
Just as with most dental conditions and diseases, when it comes to treating puberty gingivitis the best treatment is prevention.
As your children get older and more independent, they may be less inclined to listen to their parents about maintaining good oral health. Parents must remain firm on this point to prevent gum disease from developing.
Ensure that your pre-teen brushes thoroughly for two full minutes in the morning and again before bed, and flosses carefully at least once a day.
If your child is experiencing gingivitis, professional periodontal therapy at our dental office can assist in managing it. Additionally, mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine can be utilized to control the infection. Our Winnipeg dentists will also provide guidance to your teen regarding proper brushing and flossing techniques for maintaining long-term dental health.